Cambodia – The mysterious land covers the beauty of an original oriental country boasts with thousand Buddhist temples, gorgeous beauty of Palaces, pristine white sand beaches, and enigmatic tropical rain forests. Within six days uncovering Cambodia beauty, you will have chance to experience local treasure that may be a bustling life in Phnom Penh city – Former capital …
Upon arrival at the international Siem Reap airport. Pick up by your guide and transfer to hotel. Pick up by your guide and transfer to hotel. In the afternoon, excursion to the Tonlé Sap Lake large. Boat ride on the lake and visit the floating village of Chong Kneas where is home to a large Vietnamese and Cambodian people community, living in floating village around the lake. Tonle Lake is the body of water (Cambodian meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia it is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia and is an ecological hotspot that was designated as a Unesco biosphere in 1997. Return to hotel and overnight.
After breakfast in hotel. In the morning enjoy your excursion to Banteay Srei temple. Banteay Srei was built in the year 967 that dominates at the other temples of Angkor, Banteay Srei is the most intricately carved of all temples at Angkor. Experts believe that the temple was built as a tribute to the art of wood-carving, since many of the motifs are identical to wood motifs found in the architecture and decor of the period. Banteay Srei is built mainly of deep red sandstone, a material that lends itself to the elaborate wall carvings which are still well-preserved today. Banteay Srei means Citadel of Women and it is believed that the reliefs on this temple are so delicate that they could only have been carved by the hand of a woman. The relief carvings on the central buildings depict scenes from ancient Hindu myth. Drive back the same road, stop to visit: Banteay Samre (Suryavarman II, 1113-1150). The name Samre refers to an ethnic group of mountain people, who inhabited the regions at the base of Phnom Kulen and were probably related to the Khmers. Continuation to visit other temples (10th century): The East Mebon built during the reign of King Rajendravarman, who engineered the return of the capital from Koh Ker to Angkor (Yashodhara), it stands on what was an artificial island at the center of the now dry East Baray reservoir. Pre Rup founded in 961 AD. Constructed in brick and laterite, this temple was constructed slightly after the Mebon that is emplaced at the centre of the Eastern Baray and erected by the same king. In the afternoon, you finally visit the World Wonder of Angkor Wat temples, and then visit Angkor Wat representing the spiritual, mystical grandeur of the Khmer civilization and considered the monument more harmonious of Angkor Wat for style, proportions and conception, become national symbol representing the unit of the Cambodian people and the same complex is represented on the flag of the country. Built by Suryavarman II (1113-1150), the king protect from the sun. This place is probably the largest religious monument ever built on earth and is regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Sunset view from the top of Phnom Bakheng Hill, to watch the setting sun cast different hues on these monuments. Return to hotel and overnight.
After breakfast in hotel. Morning departure to the Southern. Gate of Angkor Thom, the entire day is spent visiting the extensive temple complex of soaring towers, elaborate carved murals, colonnades and courtyards that ushered in the classic age of Khmer art architecture, Bayon temple located in the center, this temple rises on three levels with galleries containing bas relieves depicting daily life and historical Khmer battles won and lost. Continue to Baphuon, a pyramidal representation of mythical Mountain Meru. It was constructed the construction of Angkor Thom. Walk to Phimeanakas is another mountain temple within Angkor Thom gates. This temple, however, is surrounded by its own five-meter high walls. It also has two ponds at the back of the temple that were once used for ritual washings. The Royal Palace was here in the old days and Phimeanakas was the temple where the King worshipped the gods. Heading to The Terrance of the Elephants is a huge platform with walls covered by elephant carvings. It was used as the royal reception pavilion during the reign of Jayavarman VII (1181-1220).
Today to end of your visit of the other temples of king (Jayavarvan VII, 1181-1220), he was a warrior king celebrated for reconstructing the Khmer Empire after a period of fragmentation. In harmony with Preah Khan, which was dedicated to Jayavarman VII’s father, Ta Prohm is dedicated to his mother. The King commissioned Ta Prohm and Preah Khan Temples as monuments of his rule. Preah Khan was probably built on the same spot where previous kings had kept their palaces. Preah Khan was more than just a monastery; it was an entire city enclosing a town of 56 hectares. About 100,000 farmers produced rice to feed about 15,000 monks, teachers, and students. Subsidiary buildings included a hospital, rest house, and rice granary. Continue to Neak Pean which means “coiled serpents”, from the uncoiled nagas that encircled the temple. The temple is faced by a statue of the horse, Balaha, saving drowning sailors. Return to the hotel
Breakfast in hotel. In the last afternoon, today’s visits will include a collection of monuments representing the remains of Hariharalaya, the first major capital of the Angkorian- era Khmer Empire. It has become known as the ‘Roluos Group’ due to its proximity to the modern town of Roluos. The ancient capital was named for Hari-Hara, a synthesis of the Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu.
Though there was an existing settlement in the area before the rise of Angkor, Hariharalaya was established as a capital city by Jayavarman II and served as the Khmer capital for over 70 years under four successive kings. Setting the pattern for the next four centuries, the first great Khmer temples (Preah Ko, Bakong, Lolei) and Baray (reservoir) were constructed at Hariharalaya. The last king at Hariharalaya, Yasovarman I, built the first major temple at Angkor, Phnom Bakheng, and moved the capital to the Bakheng area in 905 C.E. With the exception of a 20 year interruption in the 10th century, the capital would remain at Angkor until 1432 C.E. Return to hotek and overnight.
After breakfast in hotel, morning departure for Phnom Penh. First stop at the ancient bridge of Spean Kampong Kdei, was built in 12th century the ancient bridge of made 1000 years ago by stone, it is 87meters long and 14m wide. Head to Sambor Prey Kuk for second stop and visit the Hindu temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk was established in the early 6th century AD at the city of Isanapura, the city was constructed by Isanavarman I (616 – 635AD) when Chenla was at its apex more than 150 years before the rise of Angkor. The site, part of the Chenla Kingdom, includes an area of nearly 1000 acres enclosed by double walls, and over 150 temples and towers; its construction predates Angkor Wat by several centuries. It is the ruins of the city of Isanapura, the pre- Angkor Khmer Kingdom known from Chinese chronicles as Chenla (visit main temples take a bit more than an hour). This complex groups together at least 150 monuments, there are three main complexes: Prasat Yeah Poan (South Group), Prasat Tor-Lion Temple (Central Group), Prasat Sambor (North Group), dedicated to Shiva, were surrounded with two surrounding walls. They are towers in bricks, varied forms, square, oblong, octagonal, ten meters high and ten meters wide. End of temples tour today, continue to Phnom Penh, arrival and check in at hotel and overnight.
Breakfast in hotel. After breakfast in hotel. Today you will discover Phnom Penh. Morning meet with our guide and transfer to visit the National Museum, also called Musee des Beaux-Arts. The museum contains a collection of Khmer art-notably sculptures – throughout the ages. Visit as well the Wat Phnom Pagoda (Mountain Pagoda), is one of the most important pagodas in Phnom Penh. Built on an artificial hill by the wealthy widow Daun Chi Penh in 1373, it stands at 27 meters and is the tallest religious structure in the city.
The largest stupa houses the ashes of King Ponhea Yat. later continue to Royal Palace, built by King Norodom in 1866 on the site of the old town, and the Silver Pagoda, it is located within the grounds of the Royal Palace, the Silver Pagoda is also named because of its floor, which is made up of 5000 silver tiles. The treasures include a solid gold Buddha encrusted and weighing 90 kilograms and a small 17th century emerald and baccarat crystal Buddha. If time available, visit central Market and/ or Russian market before transferring to the airport for the departure flight.